August 2023


Hunting is an age-old tradition that combines skill, patience, and the right equipment to ensure a successful outing. One of the most critical components of a hunter’s gear is the ammunition used, as the right choice can mean the difference between a successful hunt and a missed opportunity. Here we help both novice and experienced hunters understand the key factors involved in choosing the best ammunition for their hunting needs.

Understanding Ammunition Basics

Before diving into the specifics of selecting hunting ammunition, it’s important to understand the basic components of a cartridge. A cartridge is made up of four parts: the case, the primer, the powder, and the bullet. The type of bullet is what often differentiates hunting ammunition from other types of ammo.

Bullet Types and Their Applications

There are several types of bullets used in hunting, each with its own unique properties and intended use:

  • Soft Point (SP): Soft point bullets are designed to expand upon impact, creating a larger wound channel. They are ideal for hunting medium-sized game such as deer and antelope.
  • Hollow Point (HP): Hollow point bullets also expand upon impact but are designed to do so more rapidly than soft point bullets. They are suitable for smaller game due to their quick expansion.
  • Full Metal Jacket (FMJ): FMJ bullets are not typically used for hunting as they do not expand, leading to less damage to the target. They are primarily used for target shooting and military applications.
  • Ballistic Tip: Ballistic tip bullets are a type of hollow point bullet with a plastic tip. The tip improves the bullet’s aerodynamics for a flatter trajectory and also initiates expansion upon impact. They are suitable for a variety of game sizes depending on the caliber and weight.

Caliber Selection

The caliber of ammunition you choose is determined by the type of game you are hunting. Smaller game such as rabbits or squirrels can be hunted with smaller calibers such as .22LR or .17 HMR. Medium game like deer, hogs, and antelope require larger calibers such as .243 Winchester, .270 Winchester, or .303 British ammo. For larger game like elk, moose, or bear, you’ll need even more powerful calibers such as .300 Winchester Magnum, .338 Lapua Magnum, or .375 H&H Magnum.

Understanding Ballistics

Ballistics is the science of projectiles in motion, and understanding the basics can help you make a more informed decision on ammo selection. There are two main types of ballistics to consider:

  • Internal Ballistics: This refers to what happens inside the firearm upon firing, including how the gunpowder’s ignition propels the bullet down the barrel.
  • External Ballistics: This deals with the bullet’s path after leaving the barrel, including factors like trajectory, velocity, and wind resistance.

Selecting ammunition with the optimal combination of velocity, trajectory, and energy for your target game will enhance your hunting success.

Shot Placement and Ethics

While the right ammunition can increase your chances of success, it’s also crucial to consider ethical hunting practices, which include aiming for a clean, humane kill. This means understanding the anatomy of your game and practicing your shooting skills to ensure you can make a shot that quickly and humanely kills the animal.

Environmental Considerations

The environmental impact of ammunition is an important consideration. Lead bullets, for example, can poison wildlife and contaminate the environment. Many hunters are now opting for lead-free bullets made of copper or other materials that offer similar performance without the environmental risks.


Selecting the right ammunition for hunting is a complex process that involves understanding the basics of ammunition, the type of game being hunted, and the specific requirements for the hunt. By considering the factors outlined in this guide, hunters can make informed decisions that not only increase their chances of a successful hunt but also promote ethical and environmentally responsible practices. Remember, the best ammunition is the one that suits your specific needs while ensuring the welfare of wildlife and the environment. Practice, patience, and continuous learning are the keys to becoming a proficient and responsible hunter.

Thailand, the land of smiles, is an amazing tourist destination. It is particularly popular among Chinese, Russian, and Indian tourists. It has serene beaches and amazing nightlife that attract tourists from all over the world.

Imagine you are dancing to the beat of your own drum, but all of a sudden, you sprain your ankle. While the discomfort can definitely ruin your trip, the treatment cost will not be an extra burden if you have travel insurance Thailand.

Besides, if your belongings get stolen or if you lose your documentation in a foreign land, travel insurance will have you covered. It ensures you are supported in case of any emergencies during your trip. You can choose a travel insurance plan for yourself or a family travel insurance plan to cover your entire family on the trip.

here are some reasons why you should get travel insurance.

 Why Do I Need a Travel Insurance Policy for Thailand? 

A key thing to remember when travelling to Thailand is that foreign travellers can not receive free medical care if something happens while they are in the country. In cases of Covid, you will have to pay for both medical treatments and quarantine costs.

This is why comprehensive travel insurance for your Thailand trip is recommended. It will provide coverage for covid related expenses and for other situations like:

  • Emergency medical evacuation.
  • Hospitalisation costs.
  • Personal injury or accidents.
  • Theft/loss of luggage or travel documents.
  • Loss of travel funds.
  • Delayed baggage.
  • Missed, delayed or cancelled flights.
  • Repatriation of mortal remains in case of loss of life.

Moreover, when you buy Thailand travel insurance, you can increase your plan’s coverage by getting additional add-on covers.

For example, suppose you are planning to engage in adventure sports. In that case, getting an adventure sports cover will offer coverage for all injuries and medical expenses incurred when participating in those activities.

 Is Travel Insurance Mandatory For Indians When Travelling To Thailand? 

Anyone travelling from countries that require RT-PCR COVID tests needs travel insurance or health insurance covering at least US $10,000 for COVID-19 treatment. India happens to be included under that list.

Moreover, the travel policy validity must be over 7 days of the intended trip duration.

Travel restrictions and guidelines are ever-changing with respect to the pandemic. So it is also always best to check the official portal of the Indian Embassy in Thailand before making any travel plans.

 Where Can I Get Travel Insurance for My Thailand Trip? 

You can get travel insurance for Thailand online from any reputed insurance provider in India. Most insurance companies like Tata AIG offer travel insurance for Thailand online through their official websites. You can compare different policies to see which ones will give you the best coverage. You will also be eligible for discounts if you buy Thailand travel insurance online from insurance providers on their websites.

It’s also important to get the right type of travel insurance plan and add-ons to ensure adequate coverage.

For example, there are senior citizen plans for those over 60, critical illness covers for those with pre-existing illnesses, family plans, individual plans etc.

 Documents Needed to Travel to Thailand 

  • Valid passport with a minimum of 6 months validity from the date of arrival.
  • Visa application form.
  • Travel insurance policy with Covid coverage.
  • Two passport-sized photographs not older than three months, taken against a white background.
  • Cover letter mentioning all your trip details, like,
    • The person bearing the expense of the trip.
    • Accommodation details like hotel name, address, contact details, etc.
    • Hotel confirmation mentioning the names of you and others travelling with you.
  • Proof of accommodation.
  • Flight tickets and itinerary.
  • Copy of your credit card with original credit card statements from the last six months.
  • Bank statement from last 6 months.
  • Original currency exchange slips of at least USD 500 with your name. If you have exchanged money before arrival, keep the receipts as proof.


Thailand has always been a popular option for intercontinental travel among Indians. It’s affordable, close, and a great vacation spot thanks to its pristine beaches, watersport activities and popular yearly festivals like Songkran.

Getting travel insurance ensures you and your family don’t miss out on any of these activities and festivals. So before you start packing, getting family travel insurance from providers like Tata AIG to insure you and your family can help you make the most of your trip.